The principles of art represent how the artist uses the elements of art to create an effect and to help convey the artist's intent. Engraving: A process, used by printmakers, of incising or scratching lines into a wood block or metal plate from which a print was made. Any object or area of emphasis is called a focal point .

Emphasis is used in art to attract the viewer's attention to a particular area or object. Emphasis by Placement .

The use of these principles can help determine whether a painting is successful, and whether or not the painting is finished. If all eyes in the painting look at one object, or if an object is placed at the center of the lines of perspective, that object will be perceived as the focus of the work. The picture above shows Convergence, because all the ridges of the plant's leaf point straight to the opening/center of the leaf (also known as a focal point). Emphasis: A principle in art where important elements and ideas are emphasized via composition. The focal point is meant to be the part of an artwork to which the viewer’s eyes are first attracted. Emphasis is the principle of creating a centered interest in an art work, often achieved by color contrast and by lines which direct the eye to it. The principles of art and design are balance, contrast, emphasis, movement, pattern, rhythm, and unity/variety. This is typically the focal point or main subject of the artwork. For example, a painting may have bright colors that contrast with dull colors or angular shapes that contrast with rounded shapes. Sharp contrast draws attention and can direct a viewer to a focal point within a work of art.

Unusual emphasis art is when one thing stands out in a picture because it is an oddity in its normal surroundings. An object placed in the center will often be perceived as a focal point. Convergence. Emphasis is the principle of art that helps the audience put the story of a painting together in their own minds. A design principle that emphasizes differences between the art elements. Claude Monet's 1872 painting, Sunday at Argenteuil, for example, emphasizes the gathering of people on a walkway, its lines and the oval lake line direct the eye to them. For instance, in a portrait painting, the artist usually wants you to see the person's face first.